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Next.js with Babel compiler

This example demonstrates how to use jest-preview with Next.js, bootstrapped using create-next-app.

⚠️ This example is meant for Next.js apps using Babel to transpile (Next.js version 11 or below, or opt-out of the Next.js compiler). If you are using the new Next.js compiler (also called Rust compiler), please see the nextjs example.

🚧 Next.js's <Image /> component isn't working with Jest Preview yet.

Install Jest

Install Jest and your favorite testing libraries, if you haven't already done so. Refer to Next.js's official document. This example uses react-testing-library.

Install & configure Jest Preview

Install Jest Preview

npm install --save-dev jest-preview

Enable Jest Preview inside jest.config.js. Note that the Jest config object returned by configureNextJestPreview shouldn't be modified any further.

  module.exports = {
collectCoverageFrom: [
moduleNameMapper: {
- // Handle CSS imports (with CSS modules)
- //
- '^.+\\.module\\.(css|sass|scss)$': 'identity-obj-proxy',
- // Handle CSS imports (without CSS modules)
- '^.+\\.(css|sass|scss)$': '<rootDir>/__mocks__/styleMock.js',
- // Handle image imports
- //
- '^.+\\.(png|jpg|jpeg|gif|webp|avif|ico|bmp|svg)$/i': `<rootDir>/__mocks__/fileMock.js`,
// Handle module aliases
'^@/components/(.*)$': '<rootDir>/components/$1',
// Add more setup options before each test is run
setupFilesAfterEnv: ['<rootDir>/jest.setup.js'],
testPathIgnorePatterns: ['<rootDir>/node_modules/', '<rootDir>/.next/'],
testEnvironment: 'jsdom',
transform: {
// Use babel-jest to transpile tests with the next/babel preset
'^.+\\.(js|jsx|ts|tsx)$': ['babel-jest', { presets: ['next/babel'] }],
+ '^.+\\.(css|scss|sass|less)$': 'jest-preview/transforms/css',
+ '^(?!.*\\.(js|jsx|mjs|cjs|ts|tsx|css|json)$)': 'jest-preview/transforms/file',
transformIgnorePatterns: [
- '^.+\\.module\\.(css|sass|scss)$',

Configure Jest Preview inside jest.setup.js (or any setup files specified in your setupFilesAfterEnv config), so Jest Preview knows which global CSS file to load.

import { jestPreviewConfigure } from 'jest-preview';
import 'styles/globals.css';
// SCSS is also supported
import 'demo/globals.scss',
// Any CSS from node_modules is fine
import '@your-design-system/css/dist/index.min.css',


That's it! Now you can use Jest Preview in your test. Say we have __tests__/index.test.tsx:

import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react';
import preview from 'jest-preview';
import Home from '../pages/index';
import '@testing-library/jest-dom';

it('should show welcome message', () => {
render(<Home />);


screen.getByRole('heading', { name: /welcome to next.js/i }),

To run this test with Jest Preview, you must keep the jest-preview server running in parallel. See the result at http://locahost:3336.


./node_modules/.bin/jest --watch

You might as well add some NPM scripts for convenience:

"scripts": {
"dev": "next dev",
"build": "next build",
"start": "next start",
"lint": "next lint",
+ "test": "jest --watch",
+ "jest-preview": "jest-preview"
npm run jest-preview

npm run test

You may even install npm-run-all to simplify this further:

npm install --save-dev npm-run-all
"scripts": {
"dev": "next dev",
"build": "next build",
"start": "next start",
"lint": "next lint",
"test": "jest --watch",
"jest-preview": "jest-preview",
+ "test:preview": "npm-run-all -p test jest-preview"
npm run test:preview